Transport and mobility is the basis of economic development and the crux of quality social life. Cities should highly value the construction of sustainable mobility when seeking sustainable urban development.
Currently, the construction and development of urban transport is confronted with the challenges of growing populations, reduced resources and a decreasing environment, which demands an integrated pattern taking all factors into consideration.
"Without doubt, unsustainable transport brings numerous challenges. For example, the transport sector is responsible for about one quarter of greenhouse gas emissions. Also, more than 1.25 million are killed annually in road traffic accidents – sadly to say that 90 percent [of these] happen in developing countries," the UN Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs, Wu Hongbo said.
The call for a sustainable city is also clearly stated in Goal 11 of UN's Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) – "Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable":
"By 2030, provide access to safe, affordable, accessible and sustainable transport systems for all, improving road safety, notably by expanding public transport, with special attention to the needs of those in vulnerable situations, women, children, persons with disabilities and older persons."
At present, many countries adopt the UN's SDGs and are mobilizing efforts to achieve a safe and sustainable transport system through improving public transit facilities, building more integrated and environmentally-friendly transportation systems, promoting vehicle-sharing to reduce private vehicles and adopting cutting-edge technologies and green energies to cut down negative effect on environment.
Some cities has proved with their practices that a healthy city featuring full economic vitality is built upon a premise of more compact and interconnected urban development pattern focusing on public transport.
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